Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Bathing ensemble, ca. 1870
    American
    Beige–and–brown printed striped wool with brown–and–red printed wool bands with Greek–key motif; L. at center back: Dress 49 1/4 in. (125.1 cm), Bloomers 38 in. (96.5 cm)
    Gift of The New York Historical Society, 1979 (1979.346.18a,b)

    The 1860s and 1870s saw the revival of a number of historical periods in dress. Oddly, the late-eighteenth-century bouffant skirts identified with the French pre-revolutionary aristocrats, were merged with the Grecian Bend, an effect from the post-revolutionary Neoclassical period. The latter was a postural change, a hunched back, thought to be evocative of the faintly rounded stoop seen in such classical examples as the Capitoline Venus and the Venus de' Medici. In addition to such modifications of the high fashion silhouette, classical references were apparent in the appearance of laurel swags, wave meanders, and Greek-key bands on such categories of apparel as children's dresses, men's smoking ensembles, and dressing gowns, and on all forms of womenswear and accessories. In the bathing costume shown here, the connection to the natural and healthful life of "sport" associated with the ancient Greeks is especially apt. Of course, the wool cloth, heavy and hardly buoyant when wet, was not appropriate for vigorous water sports. Rather it was meant for what was considered the more feminine activity of "bathing," a simple immersion that allowed for some bobbing or a few strokes without any real possibility of sustained swimming.

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  • Bathing ensemble, ca. 1870
    American
    Beige-and-brown printed striped wool with brown-and-red printed wool bands with Greek-key motif; L. at center back: Dress 49 1/4 in. (125.1 cm), Bloomers 38 in. (96.5 cm)
    Gift of The New York Historical Society, 1979 (1979.346.18a,b)

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