The Inn, 1942
Arthur Dove (American, 18801946)
Wax emulsion and aluminum paint on canvas; 24 1/8 x 27 in. (61.2 x 68.5 cm)
Edith and Milton Lowenthal Collection, Bequest of Edith Abrahamson Lowenthal, 1991 (1992.24.5)
The title of this painting may refer to Mueller's Water Mill Inn, located across the road from Dove's home in Centerport, Long Island. The Doves were friendly with the Mueller family, and in 1940 Mrs. Mueller showed Dove some aerial photographs of the neighborhood, including their inn and the Doves' cottage on the mill pond. The forms of this painting may have been inspired by the unusual perspective of those photographs: they suggest the rectangles of rooftops viewed from above, narrow roads and driveways on the inn's property, and the green and brown areas of landscaped lawns and earth. Throughout his career, Dove experimented with various materials and mediasome traditional and some more innovativeto obtain a range of visual effects. Here, for example, he mixed oil paint and wax to produce a flat, matte finish that contrasts with the metallic shine of aluminum paint.