Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Earring in the form of a three–lobed wineskin, 2nd century b.c.–2nd century a.d.; Parthian period
    Mesopotamia
    Gold; L. 1 3/4 in. (4.5 cm)
    Purchase, Mrs. Vladimir S. Littauer Gift, 1995 (1995.366)

    Interaction between Mesopotamia and the Greco-Roman world—initiated by the conquests of Alexander the Great, continuing with the influx of Greek merchants and settlers in the Seleucid period and Roman settlements in the area during the Parthian period—had a considerable impact on the style, subject matter, and technique of Mesopotamian art of the first millennium A.D.

    This exquisitely crafted earring consists of an Eros-like, winged male youth with long curly hair partly drawn up in a topknot above his forehead. His hands are on his hips and one wing is folded back while the second is missing. There is a suspension loop on his lower body from which hangs a three-lobed wineskin covered with granulation (minute granules of gold attached to the surface). The combination in this earring of Eros, a Greek deity, and the wineskin, a Near Eastern motif that became associated with the worship of Dionysos, shows the somewhat haphazard borrowing from Greek culture that often characterizes the art of the Near East in this period.

    The style and subject matter date this earring to the Parthian period, and its provenance suggests that it was originally from Mesopotamia. The calling card of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Hope accompanied the earring into the Museum's collection, and on the back are notes detailing the history of ownership, stating that it was found by British archaeologist Austen Henry Layard, excavator of Nimrud and Nineveh, around 1845.

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  • Earring in the form of a three-lobed wineskin, 2nd century B.C.–2nd century A.D.; Parthian period
    Mesopotamia
    Gold; L. 1 3/4 in. (4.5 cm)
    Purchase, Mrs. Vladimir S. Littauer Gift, 1995 (1995.366)

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