Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Untitled, 1973, printed 1989
    Charles Ray (American, born 1953)
    Gelatin silver print; 27 x 40 in. (68.6 x 101.6 cm)
    Purchase, Robert Shapazian Gift, Samuel J. Wagstaff Jr. Bequest, The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Gift through Joyce and Robert Menschel, and Harriette and Noel Levine Gift, 1995 (1995.474)
    © Charles Ray

    Trained as a sculptor in the early 1970s when Minimalism held sway, Ray became skilled in fine-tuning the abstract qualities of sculpture. He wielded scale and proportion with precise aplomb but found he could not stomach the cool, inhuman aspect of Minimalism. For Ray, the artist's first concern when working in three dimensions is the human body—as reference, implicit subject, or field of experience.

    Ray made this photograph of himself while in art school. A neat critique of abstraction, it represents an early victory in his campaign to recapture the body for art. The work also confronts the modern tendency to bind and gag our visceral responses. Hovering overhead in disquieting equipoise, Ray suggests both artistic control and personal submission; according to this duality, the picture's formal perfection is in service to a "happening," a gesture of aesthetic activism. The artist's deadpan, mock-aggressive tone is deliriously literal; with an irony worthy of Ray's idol, Buster Keaton, the photograph is a characteristically witty cross between a dangerously close call and a good joke.

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  • Untitled, 1973, printed 1989
    Charles Ray (American, born 1953)
    Gelatin silver print; 27 x 40 in. (68.6 x 101.6 cm)
    Purchase, Robert Shapazian Gift, Samuel J. Wagstaff Jr. Bequest, The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Gift through Joyce and Robert Menschel, and Harriette and Noel Levine Gift, 1995 (1995.474)
    © Charles Ray

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