Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Violin and Playing Cards, 1913
    Juan Gris (Spanish, 1887–1927)
    Oil on canvas; 39 3/8 x 25 3/4 in. (100 x 65.4 cm)
    Bequest of Florene M. Schoenborn, 1995 (1996.403.14)

    Although the painting is neither signed nor dated, stylistically it belongs to the group of still lifes Gris composed while in Céret, a small town in the Pyrenees, from August to October 1913. It was a most productive period for the artist. By then he had developed a colorful Cubist style of broad, angular, overlapping planes, a style that within a year would evolve into a fully formed Synthetic Cubism, influenced by Picasso's and Braque's papiers collées.

    On the simulated wood-grain table rest three playing cards—heart, diamond, and club—a violin, and the newspaper Le Journal. The violin is indicated by different shaded passages of wood-graining, as also by the instrument's purple, green, and black "shadows." Black, sky blue, and purple angular planes enrich the composition, which is set against a deep rust-red diamond-patterned background emulating the wallpaper.

    This work of art also appears on Connections: Hemingway

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  • Violin and Playing Cards, 1913
    Juan Gris (Spanish, 1887–1927)
    Oil on canvas; 39 3/8 x 25 3/4 in. (100 x 65.4 cm)
    Bequest of Florene M. Schoenborn, 1995 (1996.403.14)

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