Period: Bronze and Iron Age period
Date: ca. 500 B.C.–A.D. 300
Medium: Translucent agate
Dimensions: H. 8 1/8 in. (20.6 cm); W. 3 9/16in. (9 cm)
Credit Line: Samuel Eilenberg Collection, Bequest of Samuel Eilenberg, 1998
Accession Number: 2000.284.67
Ax heads made of both stone and bronze are common to the early cultures of South China, Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia. Examples dating from the Neolithic period and the early Bronze Age, with rounded heads and simple sockets, are often found in burials, illustrating their value as tools, weapons, and items of prestige. Bronze examples produced during the later part of the Bronze and Iron Age are often in fanciful shapes such as a boat or foot, or have flamboyant curving blades. This highly polished, elegant agate example was most likely a symbol of prestige and may have been used in a burial or given as a gift to mark a political alliance or intermarriage.