Wood with pigments, gilding, ivory, and silver
Purchase, Friends of Asian Art and Mrs. Charles W. Engelhard Gifts, in honor of Brooke Astor's one-hundredth birthday, 2002 (2002.133a,b)
Artists of Chinese immigrant stock worked in the Philippines along with Filipinos who carved ivory figures of Christ, the Virgin, and many saints for the use of Christians in the isles and for trade to the Americas and Spain. They also exported carved faces and hands alone, which were then incorporated into devotional statuettes by American craftsmen. Some, however, were retained in the Philippines and set into wood by artists there for use by Christianized Filipinos. The carving of this Mourning Virgin seated on a cloud throne, as well as the patterning of its drapery, are markedly different from that of the Ecuadoran/Filipino Nativity group (64.164.172-.174). Chinese characters are discernable on the underside.