Auguste Salzmann (French, 1824–1872)
Salted paper print from paper negative; 9 1/4 x 12 3/16 in. (23.5 x 31 cm)
Gilman Collection, Gift of The Howard Gilman Foundation, 2005 (2005.100.373.100)
Active first as a painter, Auguste Salzmann received a mandate from the Ministry of Public Instruction to photograph&emdash;and thus authenticate—the principal religious sites of Jerusalem. His 174 calotypes, published with text in 1856, capture not just the appearance, but something of the sacrality of monuments like the Holy Sepulcher.