Arcadian Landscape with Three Figures at a Lake

Artist: Johann Christian Reinhart (German, Hof 1761–1847 Rome)

Date: 1792

Medium: Black chalk, and white gouache on brown paper

Dimensions: sheet: 23 x 33 7/8 in. (58.4 x 86 cm)

Classification: Drawings

Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 2007

Accession Number: 2007.264


Reinhart made this imposing drawing in Rome in 1792, when he and another leading German artist from the period, Joseph Anton Koch, started making "heroic" or "poetic" landscapes inspired as much by the Roman campagna as by the work of their seventeenth-century predecessors Claude Lorrain, Nicolas Poussin, and Gaspard Dughet. Although the figures are dressed in a style that hints at a specific mythological or historical subject, they were probably used merely to indicate the antique setting of the landscape, as were the villa in the left background and the funerary monuments at center and in the right background. The dense composition and regular hatching are typical of Reinhart's manner throughout his career. The drawing is related to a painting he made in 1796 (Museum Georg Schäfer, Schweinfurt), but it cannot be called preparatory, for it differs from the painting in many ways. Fully signed and dated, and preserved in what is likely to be its original frame, the drawing was made as an independent work of art.