Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Curtains of the Tabernacle, 1360–80
    From the Postilla litteralis of Nicholas of Lyra
    France (Paris)
    Opaque watercolor, iron gall ink, and gold on vellum

    16 1/2 x 9 3/4 in. (41.9 x 24.8 cm)
    The Cloisters Collection, 2011 (2011.20.1)

    One of the most influential university texts of the Middle Ages, the Postilla litteralis (Literal Commentary) provided a systematic and detailed analysis of the entire Christian Bible. Its author, Nicholas of Lyra (ca. 1270–1349), taught theology at the University of Paris. No doubt impressed by the magnificent cathedrals in and around the city. Nicholas possessed a particular interest in divinely inspired architecture. His extensive commentary includes numerous diagrams meant to clarify the Bible's sometimes confusing textual descriptions of monuments. This leaf and five others acquired by the Museum in 2011 come from a deluxe edition of the Postilla that was probably handcrafted in Paris by the scribes and illustrators who catered to a university clientele. The text discusses God's directives in the book of Exodus for the building of the Tabernacle and the creation of its curtain: ten panels of "fine, twisted linen, and violet and purple, and scarlet twice-dyed." Without precisely rendering them, the artist evoked the sumptuous hues with concision and graphic boldness. The small circles of gold leaf glistening across the top and down the center suggest the rings of gold God prescribed to join the panels together.

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    Curtains of the Tabernacle, 1360–80
    From the Postilla litteralis of Nicholas of Lyra
    France (Paris)
    Opaque watercolor, iron gall ink, and gold on vellum

    16 1/2 x 9 3/4 in. (41.9 x 24.8 cm)
    The Cloisters Collection, 2011 (2011.20.1)


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