Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Sarcophagus lid, 6th century b.c.
    Klazomenian
    Terracotta; L. 84 1/2 in. (214.6 cm), W. at top 36 1/4 in. (92.1 cm), W. at bottom 28 in. (71.1 cm)
    Purchase, 1921 (21.169.1)

    A significant number of terracotta sarcophagi with a decorated upper rim have been found at Klazomenai and at Old Smyrna, eastern Greek sites on the west coast of Asia Minor. Given their size and weight, it is assumed that they were manufactured locally. Before the funeral, the sarcophagus was apparently buried up to the height of the upper rim. After the deceased was interred, a stone lid was placed over the sarcophagus and earth was piled up to mark the grave.

    On this sarcophagus lid, the upper zone is decorated with a battle scene. Four foot soldiers clash over a fallen warrior, while a winged figure and a chariot approach from either side; details originally were embellished with white pigment. On the sides of the rim stand a centaur and a siren; below, two lions attack a boar.

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    On view: Gallery 152
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  • Sarcophagus lid, 6th century B.C.
    Klazomenian
    Terracotta; L. 84 1/2 in. (214.6 cm), W. at top 36 1/4 in. (92.1 cm), W. at bottom 28 in. (71.1 cm)
    Purchase, 1921 (21.169.1)

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