Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Calyx–krater with reliefs of maidens and dancing maenads, 1st century a.d.; Imperial
    Roman
    Marble; H. 31 3/4 in. (80.65 cm)
    Rogers Fund, 1923 (23.184)

    The peristyle courtyards and gardens of the villas belonging to wealthy Romans were filled with fountains, sculpture, and monumental ornaments, such as this vase. Many of these decorative works were eclectic combinations of shapes and motifs drawn from Greek art that had been produced some five hundred years earlier. The six female figures that surround this vase are copies and adaptations taken from Greek (Attic) reliefs of the late fifth and fourth centuries B.C. On one side, two modestly wrapped maidens approach a girl playing a double flute. On the other side, three maenads, consorts of the god Dionysos, dance in abandon to the music of wooden clappers. The gnarled trees above the handles and the handle attachments in the form of satyrs' heads evoke a bacchic celebration in a woodland setting.

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  • Calyx-krater with reliefs of maidens and dancing maenads, 1st century A.D.; Imperial
    Roman
    Marble; H. 31 3/4 in. (80.65 cm)
    Rogers Fund, 1923 (23.184)

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