Sandstone; H. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1926 (26.3.30a)
Amenhotep I, second king of Dynasty 18, consolidated the conquests of his father in Nubia and the Near East and built numerous monuments throughout Egypt. At Thebes, he founded the Workmen's Village of Deir el-Medina, where the artisans who built and decorated the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings lived. In later times, he was deified and became the local god of this area along with his mother, Ahmose-Nefertari. He was the first king to separate his mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri from his tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
This sandstone head comes from an Osirid statue of the king that probably stood on the processional way of his mortuary temple. Originally it would have worn the double crown of Egypt. It is similar in style, material, and function to the colossal statue of Mentuhotep II (26.3.29) from Deir el-Bahri, which also stood in the processional way of his mortuary temple.