Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Mosaic with a Peacock and Flowers, 3rd–4th century
    Roman or Byzantine; Probably from North Africa
    Tesserae; H. 19 3/8 in. (49.2 cm), W. 22 5/8 in. (57.5 cm)
    Gift of Kirkor Minassian, 1926 (26.68)

    This mosaic, probably part of a much larger floor mosaic, shows a peacock among flowers. The peacock was a popular subject for Roman and Byzantine artists, often used to represent paradise, renewal, and spring. Byzantines might have thought the peacock an appropriate symbol for the season, because its elaborate feathers grew each spring. Associating the peacock with heavenly paradise was an extension of the Byzantine vision of earthly paradise—many wealthy citizens were known to have kept peacocks to roam about the flowers and trees of their gardens.

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  • Mosaic with a Peacock and Flowers, 3rd–4th century
    Roman or Byzantine; Probably from North Africa
    Tesserae; H. 19 3/8 in. (49.2 cm), W. 22 5/8 in. (57.5 cm)
    Gift of Kirkor Minassian, 1926 (26.68)

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