Armor for Man and Horse

Armorer: Kunz Lochner (German, Nuremberg, 1510–1567)

Date: dated 1548, with later restorations

Geography: Nuremberg

Culture: German, Nuremberg

Medium: Steel, leather, copper alloy, textile

Dimensions: man's armor: Wt. approx. 56 lb. (25.4 kg); horse armor with saddle: Wt. 92 lb. (41.7 kg)

Classification: Armor for Horse and Man

Credit Line: man's armor: Bashford Dean Memorial Collection, Gift of Mrs. Bashford Dean, 1929; mail sleeves: Bashford Dean Memorial Collection, Funds from various donors, 1929; horse armor: Rogers Fund, 1932

Accession Number: 29.151.2; 29.158.183–.184; 32.69


Kunz Lochner was one of the few Nuremberg armorers of the mid-sixteenth century to achieve an international reputation. His patrons included the Holy Roman Emperor, the dukes of Saxony, and the king of Poland. The man's armor displayed here bears the mark of Nuremberg; Lochner's personal mark, a rampant lion; and the date 1548. The armor was originally part of a small garniture that included exchange elements for field and tournament use. Restorations include the cuirass and the gauntlets.

The horse armor bears only the Nuremberg mark but can be attributed to Lochner on stylistic grounds. The elaborately embossed and etched decoration of the peytral (chest defense) includes an abbreviated inscription that may be interpreted: 1548 K[rist] I[ch] T[rau] G[anz] V[nd] G[ar] H[ans] E[rnst] H[erzog] Z[u] Sachsen (1548 In Christ I trust wholly Hans [Johann] Ernst, Duke of Saxony). Duke Johann Ernst (1521–1553) may have commissioned the horse armor for his attendance at the Diet of Augsburg, a political assembly of the German nobility called in 1548 by Charles V to deal with the crisis of the Reformation.