Eastern Iran or present-day Afghanistan
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
H. 11 3/4 in. (29.8 cm), W. 8 3/4 in. (22.2 cm)
H. O. Havemeyer Collection, Gift of Horace Havemeyer, 1929 (29.160.23)
This folio from a Qur'an is decorated with foliate scrolls that form a background to elaborate "new style" calligraphy, particularly striking in combination with the letters alifs and lam, which in this manuscript have been arranged to form a distinct oval-shaped pattern. Following the form of the calligraphy, the background scrolls and blossoms balance the angular lines of the text. The vertical format of the paper accentuates the height of the alifs and lams, which tower above the other letters on the page.