Author: Andrea Palladio (Andrea di Pietro della Gondola) (Italian, 15081580)
Engraver: Bernard Picart (French, 16731733)
Editor: James (Giacomo) Leoni (ca. 16861746); Translator: Nicholas Dubois (ca. 16651735)
London: Printed by John Watts for the author Giacomo Leoni, 1715
Engraving; Overall: 17 3/4 x 12 3/4 x 2 3/8 in. (45.1 x 32.4 x 6 cm)
Bequest of W. Gedney Beatty, 1941 (188.8.131.52)
Palladio's treatise, republished in this lavish two-volume edition by Giacomo Leoni in London (1715) as The Architecture of A. Palladio in Four Books, with refined prints by Bernard Picart and John Harris, greatly influenced the classical idiom typical for eighteenth-century Georgian building style in England. This is evidenced by the building projects and publications of the foremost architects of the period, including Richard Boyle, third earl of Burlington; his protégé, the landscape designer William Kent; and the famous author Colen Campbell, whose book Vitruvius Britannicus (1715) became the model for Palladian architecture in England. A good example of the fascination for Palladio's villa designs is the Villa Rotonda, which served as an ideal model for several widely publicized English villas, such as Stourhead (ca. 1721), Mereworth (ca. 1723), and Lord Burlington's own Chiswick House (ca. 1725) near London. Each villa was carefully placed in a landscape setting that evoked the current English vision of the classical Golden Age. Villa and garden were intended to recapture the vanished grandeur of Roman villas such as those described by Pliny, reconstructed at that time by Robert Castell in his book Villas of the Ancients Illustrated (London, 1728).