Pilgrim bottle with screw top

Maker: Workshop of Antoine Syjalon (French, 1524–1590)

Date: 1581

Culture: French, Nîmes

Medium: Tin-glazed earthenware

Dimensions: Height (with screw top): 15 in. (38.1 cm)

Classification: Ceramics-Pottery

Credit Line: Samuel D. Lee Fund, 1941

Accession Number: 41.49.9a, b


In February 1581, the general assembly of the reformed churches of the Languedoc (southwest France) met to consider a peace treaty between French Catholics and Protestants signed in 1580. Antoine Sigalon, a maiolica potter and deacon in the reformed church of Nîmes, satirized Catholic liturgical vestments in the decoration of this flask. It was probably made as a gift to the powerful Protestant German prince Johann Casimir of Bavaria (1543–1592), who sent a personal ambassador to the Nîmes conference.