Lippo Memmi (Filippo di Memmo) (Italian, Sienese, active by 1317, died 1356)
Tempera on wood, gold ground
Overall, with shaped top and engaged (partially modern) frame, 26 1/4 x 13 in. (66.7 x 33 cm); painted surface 19 3/4 x 10 1/8 in. (50.2 x 25.7 cm); predella 1 1/2 x 10 in. (3.8 x 25.4 cm)
Maitland F. Griggs Collection, Bequest of Maitland F. Griggs, 1943 (43.98.6)
Painted in around 1350, this exquisite panel formed a diptych with a Crucifixion, now in the Louvre. The Madonna and Child are flanked by Saints John the Baptist, Francis of Assisi, and the nine choirs of heavenly angels. Other saints are below in a minuscule predella. Lippi was the brother-in-law of Simone Martini, with whom he sometimes collaborated. In this work, he attains a refinement of execution equal to that of his famous relation. The reverse side is silvered (now oxidized) and tooled.