Artist: Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, Siegen 1577–1640 Antwerp)
Artist: and Jan Brueghel the Elder (Netherlandish, Brussels 1568–1625 Antwerp)
Date: ca. 1615
Medium: Oil on wood
Dimensions: 42 1/2 x 64 1/2 in. (108 x 163.8 cm)
Credit Line: Gift of Alvin and Irwin Untermyer, in memory of their parents, 1945
Accession Number: 45.141
Rubens and his friend Jan Brueghel collaborated on a number of mythological and religious pictures about 1610–20. In this panel Rubens designed and painted the figure groups and Brueghel painted everything else. The river god Acheloüs explains to the Greek hero Theseus that a distant island is his former lover Perimele, transformed by Neptune so that she could remain forever within the river’s embrace. The artists combined Latin learning, athletic nudes (some based on classical sculpture), the wonders of nature and some made by man into an encyclopedic display meant for a sophisticated collector.