Artist: Giovanni Paolo Panini (Italian, Piacenza 1691–1765 Rome)
Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 67 3/4 x 91 3/4 in. (172.1 x 233 cm)
Credit Line: Gwynne Andrews Fund, 1952
Accession Number: 52.63.2
Among Panini's most brilliant inventions are this picture and its pendant, Ancient Rome. They contrive to show the most famous monuments of the city as paintings arranged in a sumptuous gallery. They were painted for the great French collector Count de Stainville, later Duke de Choiseul, ambassador to Rome between 1753 and 1757; the Duke is shown seated in an armchair. Among the most famous works are Michelangelo's Moses and Bernini's statues of Constantine, David, Apollo and Daphne, and his fountains in Piazza Navona. Panini also shows his own, unexecuted, proposal for the design of the Spanish Steps. For the identification of the various monuments see metmuseum.org/collections.