Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Enthroned Virgin and Child, ca. 1280–1300
    Navarre, Spain
    Maple, paint, and gilt; H. 53 in. (134.6 cm)
    The Cloisters Collection, 1953 (53.67)

    This majestic sculpture portrays the Virgin and Child in an engaging manner, with smiling faces and a graceful bearing. The image presents them as kindly and dignified, lively and human, but it also expresses a subtle theological concept, the idea of Mary as the Throne of Holy Wisdom. She is shown as a queen in a tall crown, seated on a throne with a cushion and a footstool, while Christ sits on her lap with a book in one hand and the other raised in blessing. Both figures wear voluminous garments enriched with painted color and gilding; the preservation of this surface decoration is remarkable. The splendor of the group contrasts with the relative humility of its medieval setting in a monastic establishment. Two minute monks are painted on the footstool, each with a brown cowl, a tonsured head, and hands held in prayer.

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    On view at The Cloisers: Gallery 008
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  • Enthroned Virgin and Child, ca. 1280–1300
    Navarre, Spain
    Maple, paint, and gilt; H. 53 in. (134.6 cm)
    The Cloisters Collection, 1953 (53.67)

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