Attributed to Payag (Indian, active ca. 1591–1658)
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
15 1/3 x 10 1/10 in. (38.9 x 25.7 cm)
Rogers Fund and The Kevorkian Foundation Gift, 1955 (220.127.116.11)
Shah Jahan is shown in an idealized fashion, with the holy nimbus, or halo, encircling his turbaned head. The fashion of depicting the ruler with a halo is seen from the period of Jahangir onward in Mughal art, when increasingly formalized portraiture comes to characterize Hindustani court art. During Jahangir's reign a new language of symbols is adopted to represent the ruler, including the iconography of the lion and the lamb, and putti, which were imported from European paintings and prints.