Nolan neck–amphora (jar), ca. 440–430 b.c.; red–figure
Attributed to the Dwarf Painter
Greek, Attic, Classical
Terracotta; H. 13 in. (33 cm), Diam. of mouth 5 15/16 in. (15.1 cm), Diam. of foot 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm)
Fletcher Fund, 1956 (56.171.42)
Obverse: Greek fighting an Amazon
Reverse: Man with staff
The combination of subjects on the obverse and reverse is thought-provoking because one is mythological and the other reflects fifth-century B.C. Athens. In its mythological prehistory, Athens was attacked by the Amazons, a tribe of warrior women whose homeland lay beyond the Black Sea. Theseus, the legendary king of Attica, fought against the invaders and married Antiope, the Amazon queen. The iconography here brings an event of the distant past into the reality of the present.