Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Standing woman, 2nd century b.c.–3rd century a.d.; Parthian period
    Possibly Ctesiphon, Mesopotamia
    Alabaster; H. 10 5/8 in. (27 cm)
    Purchase, Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Gift, 1886 (86.16.1)

    This standing female is full-figured, with rings of flesh at her waist and three horizontal lines suggesting a fleshy neck. The hair is combed back into a knot at the back of the head. The lower arms were separately attached. Her left hand, open with the palm up, may have held an object. Like many other female figurines found in Mesopotamia, this one had inlaid eyes. Mesopotamian female figurines, both reclining and standing, were often given a plaster or bitumen wig and, although there are no traces of color here, details such as sandals, necklaces, upper-arm bracelets, and lines around the navel and pubic triangle were frequently added in paint. Jointed female figurines were dedicated at Greek temples and sanctuaries. Similar pieces, also with the lower arms attached separately, have been excavated from Parthian graves and residences. These Parthian figurines have been variously described as goddesses, dolls, and fertility amulets.

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  • Standing woman, 2nd century B.C.–3rd century A.D.; Parthian period
    Possibly Ctesiphon, Mesopotamia
    Alabaster; H. 10 5/8 in. (27 cm)
    Purchase, Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Gift, 1886 (86.16.1)

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