Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Sanford Robinson Gifford, 1880
    Eastman Johnson (American, 1824–1906)
    Oil on academy board; 26 3/4 x 22 1/2 in. (67.9 x 57.2 cm)
    Gift of Richard Butler, 1888 (88.16)

    Johnson's sensitive portrayal of the landscape painter Gifford, his friend and neighbor in the Tenth Street Studio Building, formerly in lower Manhattan, was executed in the year of Gifford's death. Originally owned by Gifford's widow, it was bequeathed to Richard Butler, one of Gifford's most avid patrons, who instantly donated it to the Metropolitan Museum. Both men were founders of the Museum, which in 1881 accorded Gifford the first monographic show ever mounted by the institution. Johnson's warm, ruminative characterization of the artist may well be posthumous; the quiet self-possessed stare yet faintly melancholic repose of the sitter's visage are further complicated by the strong ambiguity of light and dark dividing it, seeming to illustrate emotional conflicts perceived by another of his close friends and revealed in a eulogy to the artist: "His character ... was serene and placid, resting on resources within himself. That placidity of the surface was an indication of the depth of the stream that flowed within, whose floods, and swirls, and eddies often caught him from the light and carried him into cavernous depths of shade."

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  • Sanford Robinson Gifford, 1880
    Eastman Johnson (American, 1824–1906)
    Oil on academy board; 26 3/4 x 22 1/2 in. (67.9 x 57.2 cm)
    Gift of Richard Butler, 1888 (88.16)


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