Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Relief panel, second half of 1st century a.d.; Early Imperial
    Roman
    Stucco; Overall 16 7/8 x 13 5/8 x 2 1/4 in. (42.9 x 34.6 x 5.7 cm)
    Gift of Henry G. Marquand, 1892 (92.11.2)

    The female figure probably represents a maenad, one of the female followers of Dionysus. As she floats easily along, her garment has opened to the waist, revealing her left leg. She holds a long, thin, wandlike stick over her left arm and a garland with ribbons in her right hand.

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    On view: Gallery 168
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  • Relief panel, second half of 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial
    Roman
    Stucco; Overall 16 7/8 x 13 5/8 x 2 1/4 in. (42.9 x 34.6 x 5.7 cm)
    Gift of Henry G. Marquand, 1892 (92.11.2)

    Relief Panel, second half of 1st century A.D. (92.11.3)

    The powerfully built nude youth stepping to the right may be a follower of Dionysus, for he wears an animal skin over his left shoulder. He carries a pedum (shepherd’s crook) in his right hand and a hare is suspended from his left.

    Relief Panel, second half of 1st century A.D. (92.11.4)

    The nude female figure flies to the right, her drapery floating loosely behind her. She holds a wreath in her right hand and a platter in her left.

    Relief Panel, second half of 1st century A.D. (92.11.5)

    Eros holds a large cornucopia and a thin, wandlike stick. His wings are delineated with extraordinary economy and verve.

    Relief Panel, second half of 1st century A.D. (92.11.6)

    The female figure flying to the right is a maenad. She holds up a tympanum, a large, tambourine-like musical instrument, as her drapery floats loosely about her.

    Relief Panel, second half of 1st century A.D. (92.11.7)

    The panther, an animal often associated with Dionysus, leaps in the air with a garland wrapped around him.

    Relief Panel, second half of 1st century A.D. (92.11.9)

    Draped in a heavy cloak and with an elaborate hairdo, the woman reclines with one knee raised. Her left arm rests against a low support. A pillar from which a swag of drapery hangs is visible just behind her right shoulder; a slender fluted column stands to the left. A long, palmlike branch sketched lightly in the background at the upper left must have been held by another figure, who was approaching the resting woman. Given the Dionysiac subject matter of the other reliefs, this scene may have shown the god as he discovered Ariadne, his future wife, while she was sleeping on the island of Naxos.


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