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Part of European Paintings
Jan van Eyck (Netherlandish, Maaseik ca. 1390–1441 Bruges)
Date: ca. 1435–40Accession Number: 33.92ab
Petrus Christus (Netherlandish, Baarle-Hertog (Baerle-Duc), active by 1444–died 1475/76 Bruges)
Date: 1446Accession Number: 49.7.19
Justus of Ghent (Joos van Wassenhove) (Netherlandish, active by 1460–died ca. 1480)
Date: ca. 1465Accession Number: 41.190.21
Dieric Bouts (Netherlandish, Haarlem, active by 1457–died 1475)
Date: ca. 1455–60Accession Number: 30.95.280
Hans Memling (Netherlandish, Seligenstadt, active by 1465–died 1494 Bruges)
Date: early 1480sAccession Number: 14.40.634
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The technique of oil painting, with its aesthetic and practical advantages over fresco and tempera, transformed European art in the early fifteenth century. Jan van Eyck, working in the Burgundian Netherlands for Duke Philip the Good and other aristocratic clients, was the technique's most eloquent practitioner. Whether painting portraits or religious themes, Van Eyck achieved a new level of realism through his acute powers of observation and unsurpassed representational technique. His Crucifixion of ca. 1435, seen in this gallery, transposed a biblical event into the viewer's immediate realm of experience and elicited a new kind of emotional response. Van Eyck's legacy lived on not only in Bruges, through the works of Petrus Christus, Hans Memling, and Gerard David, but also more widely in western Europe, where Netherlandish painting in general was strongly influential.
Key examples are also found in the Museum's Robert Lehman Collection, Linsky Collection, and at the Cloisters.
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