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Part of European Paintings
Honoré Daumier (French, Marseilles 1808–1879 Valmondois)
Date: ca. 1862–64Accession Number: 29.100.129
Théodore Gericault (French, Rouen 1791–1824 Paris)
Date: 1818Accession Number: 1989.183
Date: 186[3?]Accession Number: 47.122
Jean-François Millet (French, Gruchy 1814–1875 Barbizon)
Date: 1872–73Accession Number: 17.120.209
Théodore Rousseau (French, Paris 1812–1867 Barbizon)
Date: ca. 1846–67Accession Number: 11.4
Date: probably 1856–57Accession Number: 38.75
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This gallery features works by painters known collectively as the Barbizon School.
Beginning in the 1820s, many of France's leading landscape painters made regular excursions to the celebrated Forest of Fontainebleau, southeast of Paris. With the tiny village of Barbizon as their base, they set about depicting the forest's richly varied terrain. Théodore Rousseau's paintings of rugged woodlands and lush meadows powerfully convey the magnificent unruliness of nature—a Romantic ideal given expression earlier in French art by Théodore Gericault. Other artists, such as Jean-François Millet, found inspiration in the rustic life of peasants. His paintings of humble farm laborers find an urban counterpart in Honoré Daumier's unsentimental portrayals of the Parisian working class. The work of these artists represents a major step in the establishment of pictorial naturalism in France.
This gallery is one of two that comprise The André Meyer Galleries (see also Gallery 801).
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