Washington Reviewing the Western Army at Fort Cumberland, Maryland

Attributed to Frederick Kemmelmeyer (ca. 1755–1821)
after 1795
Oil on canvas
22 3/4 x 37 1/4 in. (57.8 x 94.6 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, 1963
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 719
On October 16, 1794, President George Washington called on the militia at Fort Cumberland, Maryland, to suppress a rebellion in western Pennsylvania. The conflict was precipitated by the 1792 excise laws regarding the sale of distilled spirits. The Scotch-Irish immigrants who made their living from the sale and barter of whiskey deemed the laws discriminatory, and their protests turned into full-scale riots. Upon Washington’s arrival to review his troops, the resistance vanished. The episode went down in history as one of the crucial early tests of centralized government and as a reminder of Washington’s power.
Charles Frederick Quincy, Newton, Massachusetts, New York, and Scarsdale, New York, until 1927; with Victor D. Spark, New York, by 1942–1945; Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Cambridge, Maryland, 1945–1963