Attributed to Diego de Atienza (Spanish (Guadalajara), active in Lima, mid-17th century)
Peruvian, probably Lima
Silver gilt with enamel, cast, chased, and engraved
Height: 22 1/2 in. (57.2 cm)
The Friedsam Collection, Bequest of Michael Friedsam, 1931
Not on view
The inscription indicates that this monstrance was made for Pedro de Urraca, a Spanish-born Mercedarian friar who spent most of his life in Ecuador and Peru, where he was revered for the holiness of his ministry. Urraca probably commissioned the monstrance from Atienzia as a gift to his native parish of Jadraque in Guadalajara, Spain. Such donations are responsible for the presence of much New World silver in Spanish churches.
Although the monstrance stem conforms to the "Severe" style of silver in early seventeenth-century Spain, the elaborate composition of the sol anticipates the distinctive development of the form in Peru.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: Engraved around the four sides of the base: EL PADRE FR, P[EDR]O DE URREA NATVRAL DESTA VI[LL]A / DE XADARQVE DIO ESTE SAGRARIO A ESTA / IGLESIA MAIOR DONDE FVE BATICADO / RVEGEN A DIOS POR EL ANO 1646 (changed later to 1649)
Transliteration: El Padre Francesco Pedro Urrea natural de esta villa de Xadarque dio este sagrario a esta iglesia maior donde fue bauticado. Ruegen a dios por el año 1646 (changed later to 1649).
Translation: Father Francesco, Pedro de Urrea, native of this town of Xadarque gave this monstrance to this great church in which he was baptised, Pray to God for him in the year 1646/9.
Artist:James Cox (British, ca. 1723–1800) Date:1766Medium:Case: gold with diamonds and paste jewels set in silver, pearls; Dial: while enamel; Movement: partly gilded brass and steel, wheel balance and cock of silver set with paste jewelsAccession:1982.60.137On view in:Gallery 540