Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Étui

Artist:
Germain Chayé (born 1724; master 1755, active 1787)
Date:
1764–65
Culture:
French, Paris
Medium:
Gold
Dimensions:
Length: 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Gold and Platinum
Credit Line:
Bequest of Kate Read Blacque, in memory of her husband, Valentine Alexander Blacque, 1937
Accession Number:
38.50.37a, b
Not on view
In eighteenth-century Europe, Paris led the production of high-quality luxury goods. Parisian goldsmiths made a wide range of small, personal articles such as snuffboxes; étuis to hold sealing wax, tweezers, or utensils for sewing; souvenirs, which contained thin ivory tablets for note taking; and shuttles for knotting lace. Gold snuffboxes and boxes decorated with portrait miniatures were prized and frequently given as royal gifts, often to ambassadors or members of the court in lieu of cash payments for their services. Coveted and admired, these boxes were produced from a variety of materials. The best were skillfully made of gold and embellished with diamonds, enameled decoration, lacquer, and other luxurious materials. By the middle of the century, the taking of snuff had become an entrenched social ritual, and the snuffbox, too, had become an important social prop. Snuffboxes were considered highly fashionable accessories, with some merchants advertising new boxes with each change of season. The popularity of snuffboxes extended to all levels of society, and for those who could not afford gold, boxes were produced in less expensive materials such as silver, tortoiseshell, porcelain, or domestically produced lacquer.
Inscription: Sticker on étui: 283

Clipping from sale catalogue, no. 218, found inside: Ventes Pichon et Guilhou

Marking: [1] crowned fleur-de-lis, two grains de remède, G C, an anchor (maker's mark for Germain Chayé)
[2] crossed laurel branches (Paris charge mark for gold and small silver, 1762–68)
[3] crowned italic A (Paris warden's mark, 1764–65)
[4] hound's head (Paris discharge mark for gold and small silver, 1762–68)
[5] eagle's head (Paris restricted warranty for gold, 1838–present)

Location of marks
[1]–[3] on side, near base
[4]–[5] on neck of étui near rim, [5] struck twice
Baron Jérôme Pichon ; possibly Guilhou ; Kate Read Blacque (until 1937; bequeathed to MMA)
Related Objects

Drop-front desk (secrétaire à abattant or secrétaire en cabinet)

Artist: Attributed to Adam Weisweiler (French, 1744–1820) Date: ca. 1787 Medium: Oak veneered with burl thuya, amaranth, mahogany, satinwood, holly, and ebonized holly; painted metal; one soft-paste porcelain plaque; fifteen jasper medallions; gilt-bronze mounts; marble; leather (not original) Accession: 58.75.57 On view in:Gallery 529

Drop-front desk (secrétaire à abattant or secrétaire en cabinet)

Artist: Martin Carlin (French, near Freiburg im Breisgau ca. 1730–1785 Paris) Date: ca. 1773 Medium: Oak veneered with tulipwood, amaranth, holly, and ebonized holly; ten soft-paste porcelain plaques; gilt-bronze mounts; marble; velvet (not original) Accession: 58.75.44 On view in:Gallery 529

Snuffbox

Artist: Daniel Govaers (or Gouers) (French, master 1717, active 1736) Date: 1734–35 Medium: Gold, diamonds Accession: 48.187.419 On view in:Gallery 545

Snuffbox with six scenes of putti at play

Artist: Jean Georges (or George) (master 1752, died 1765) Date: ca. 1761–62 Medium: Gold, grisaille enamel, diamonds Accession: 17.190.1125 On view in:Gallery 545

Jewel coffer on stand (petit coffre à bijoux)

Artist: Coffer attributed to Martin Carlin (French, near Freiburg im Breisgau ca. 1730–1785 Paris) Date: ca. 1770 Medium: Oak veneered with tulipwood, amaranth, stained sycamore, holly, and ebonized holly; thirteen soft-paste porcelain plaques; gilt-bronze mounts; velvet (not original) Accession: 58.75.41 On view in:Gallery 529