Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Sealing wax case (étui)

Maker:
Georges-Antoine Croze (master 1777, active 1790)
Date:
1785–86
Culture:
French, Paris
Medium:
Gold, enamel
Dimensions:
4 7/8 in. (12.4 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Gold and Platinum
Credit Line:
Bequest of Kate Read Blacque, in memory of her husband, Valentine Alexander Blacque, 1937
Accession Number:
38.50.46a, b
Not on view
In eighteenth-century Europe, Paris led the production of high-quality luxury goods. Parisian goldsmiths made a wide range of small, personal articles such as snuffboxes; étuis to hold sealing wax, tweezers, or utensils for sewing; souvenirs, which contained thin ivory tablets for note taking; and shuttles for knotting lace. Gold snuffboxes and boxes decorated with portrait miniatures were prized and frequently given as royal gifts, often to ambassadors or members of the court in lieu of cash payments for their services. Coveted and admired, these boxes were produced from a variety of materials. The best were skillfully made of gold and embellished with diamonds, enameled decoration, lacquer, and other luxurious materials. By the middle of the century, the taking of snuff had become an entrenched social ritual, and the snuffbox, too, had become an important social prop. Snuffboxes were considered highly fashionable accessories, with some merchants advertising new boxes with each change of season. The popularity of snuffboxes extended to all levels of society, and for those who could not afford gold, boxes were produced in less expensive materials such as silver, tortoiseshell, porcelain, or domestically produced lacquer.
Marking: [1] crowned fleur-de-lis, two grains de remède, G A C, device a crozier (maker's mark); [2] interlaced L's (Paris charge mark for gold and small silver 1782–89); [3] crowned italic P with 85 (Paris warden's mark for gold, 1785–86); [4] plover's head (Paris discharge mark for small gold and silver, 1782–89); [5] unidentified; [6] ET in rectangle (Paris mark for small gold and silver work imported from countries without customs conventions 1864–93).

Location of marks:
[1]–[3] inside cover
[4], [5] on rim of étui
[6] struck twice on rim
Kate Read Blacque (until 1937; bequeathed to MMA)
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