The three scenes are identified by inscriptions in cartouches that read: How Acteon went hunting with his companions; How Diana changed Acteon into a stag (he had surprised the goddess bathing); How Acteon’s companions looked for him and could not find him. The story is from Ovid’s Metamorphoses, which enjoyed enormous popularity in the Middle Ages and beyond. This is one of a pair of marriage chests (cassoni) owned by the Museum.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: Inscribed (left to right, on cartouches): Como Anteon andava alla caccia / Con soa conpagnia; Como Diana f[e]ce deventare / Cervio Antheon; Como li co[n]pagni de Antheon lu / Andavano cerca[n]do et no[n] / Lu poteano retrovare (trans.: How Actaeon went hunting with his companions; hHw Diana turned Actaeon into a stag; How Actaeon's companions were looking for him and could not find him)
Ospedale di Santa Maria Nuova , Florence (until 1880) ; [ Paul Drey , New York, before 1913 ] ; George and Florence Blumenthal , Paris and New York (by 1913–d. 1941; bequeathed to MMA)
Artist:Attributed to workshop of Apollonio di Giovanni di Tomaso (Italian, Florence ca. 1416–1465 Florence) Date:after ca. 1461Medium:Poplar wood, linen, polychromed and gilded gesso with panel painted in tempera and goldAccession:14.39On view in:Not on view
Artist:Attributed to the Workshop of Giuliano da Maiano (1432–1490) and Benedetto da Maiano (1442–1497) Date:ca. 1489–91Medium:Walnut, maple, ebony; ebonized wood, and fruitwood; traces of gilding and red paintAccession:30.93.2On view in:Gallery 500
Artist:Galleria dei Lavori, Florence Date:ca. 1606–23Medium:Oak and poplar veneered with various exotic hardwoods, with ebony moldings and plaques of marble, slate (paragon); pietre dure work consisting of colored marbles, rock crystal, and various hardstonesAccession:1988.19On view in:Gallery 503