This may originally have served as a powder horn, which could have been suspended from a cord passed through the holes formed by the tail of the dragon at each side of the neck. The pierced cover and foot were added later to adapt it to the function of a perfume sprinkler.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Marking:  leopard's head crowned (London assay office mark);  lion passant guardant (English quality mark for sterling);  u in pointed shield (date letter for 1577–78);  IF, probably, in square outline, (maker's mark, indistinct) (marked over the repoussé decoration).
Location of marks: – on upper edge of foot rim
Note: The four hall marks are struck over the egg and dart ornament of the top face of the foot rim.
[ S. J. Phillips Ltd. until 1959; sold December 22, 1959 to Irwin Untermyer ] ; Irwin Untermyer (1959–68; to MMA)
Artist:James Cox (British, ca. 1723–1800) Date:1766Medium:Case: gold with diamonds and paste jewels set in silver, pearls; Dial: while enamel; Movement: partly gilded brass and steel, wheel balance and cock of silver set with paste jewelsAccession:1982.60.137On view in:Gallery 540