This rifle was probably made in the Dagestani village of Kubachi, the principal armsmaking center in the Caucasus. The Arabic inscription on the barrel, "Owned by Abā Muslim Khān Shamkhāl," and the very high quality of the workmanship suggest that it belonged to a member of the family of the ruling prince (shāmkhāl).
Inscription: Damascened in Arabic on the breechblock: "Owned by Abā Muslim Khān Shamkhāl."
Ex. coll.: Prince Zoubaloff (1832–1913), Tiflis, Georgia; D. Z. Noorian, NY.
Buttin, Charles. Important Collection of Oriental Arms & European Arms made for the Oriental Market from the armories of Prince Zoubaloff of Tiflis, General Suleiman Pasha, Constantinople, Moslem Kham of Persia, Shaik Chamyl of Caucasus. Anderson Galleries: The Anderson Galleries, 1926. Cat. no. 22, p. 7.
American Art Association. Egyptian and Near Eastern Antiquities from the Collection of the Late Daniel Z. Noorian. American Art Galleries: American Art Association, 1931. Cat. no. 603, pp. 103-104.
Arendt, Wsewolod. "Sirgeron-Kubetschi (Kaukasische Sarwürcher)." Zeitschrift für historische waffen- und kostümkunde, n.s. IV (1933). pp. 188-189.
Grancsay, Stephen V. "A Gun from Caucasus." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 30, no. 9 (September 1935). pp. 173-174, figs. 1, 2.
Grancsay, Stephen V. "Firearms of the Mediterranean." American Rifleman 97 (March) (1949). p. 30, fig. 12.
Lindsay, Merrill, Bruce Pendleton, Verne Noll, and Peter Parnall. One Hundred Great Guns: An Illustrated History of Firearms. New York: Walker and Company, 1967. p. 69.
Rivkin, Kirill. Arms and Armor of Caucasus. United States, 2015. pp. 126–8, fig. 60.