Obverse, Kadmos and the snake Reverse, man between two women
Kadmos, son of Agenor king of Tyre, was told by the oracle at Delphi to follow a cow until she lay down and to found a city there. The place was Thebes. In order to sacrifice the cow to Athena, Kadmos needed water. The nearest spring was guarded by a serpent, son of Ares. The representation here shows Athena seconding Kadmos, who raises his hydria (water jar) against the serpent. Ares stands at the far right. The seated woman is probably the nymph associated with the spring or a personification of Thebes. Kadmos kills the monster, and sowing its teeth in the ground, he produces the inhabitants of the new city.
Inscription: Inscribed: "Eualkos is fair" and "Alones [misspelled] is fair"
Said to be from Agrigento
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1944, 1949. Greek Painting: The Development of Pictoral Representation from Archaic to Graeco-Roman Times. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 85, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 617, no. 2, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 398, Oxford: Clarendon Press.