Within the elongated shape of the amphora, the panel has been stretched proportionately to accommodate the pair of combatants. Although we know the outcome of the struggle, the artist characterized it effectively by showing man and lion as equally matched.
From the excavations of Lucien Bonaparte at Vulci
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1941. "Two Early Greek Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 36(9): p. 189, figs. 2–3.
Beazley, John D. 1956. Attic Black-figure Vase-painters. p. 317, no. 1 top, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 138, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Herakles, nos. 1794, 1805, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.