Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta amphora (jar)

Attributed to the Orvieto Painter
Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 540 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Chalcidian
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
H. 10 3/8 in. (26.4 cm); diameter of mouth 4 5/16 in. (10.9 cm); diameter of foot 3 11/16 in. (9.3 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1956
Accession Number:
56.171.1
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 171
Obverse, the Return of Hephaistos
Reverse, banquet

In Attic vase-painting, horses are, by far, the most frequently depicted animal, with an emphasis on their beauty and speed. Representations of the Return of Hephaistos, in which the smith-god goes to Mount Olympos on the back of a donkey or mule, probably bring with them an implicit comparison with aristocratic riders and their noble mounts.This Chalcidian vase is a simplified adaptation of an Attic black-figure model.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1957. "Greek Vases from the Hearst Collection." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 15(7): pp. 166, 168.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Hephaistos, no. 134, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

Carratelli, Giovanni Pugliese. 1996. The Western Greeks. Milan: Bompiani.

Hemingway, Seán, Nicole Stribling, Dr. John H. Oakley, Carol Mattusch, and Seth D. Pevnick. 2017. The Horse in Ancient Greek Art, Mr. Peter J. Schertz, ed. pp. 48–49, fig. 37, Virginia: National Sporting Library & Museum.

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