These heads—two of helmeted Athena, two of horned Pan—served as decorative elements to an object, perhaps a vase, that was for show and pleasure as much as for use. They are most unusual, being cast rather than hammered and embellished with gold leaf.
von Bothmer, Dietrich, Carlos A. Picón, Joan R. Mertens, and Elizabeth J. Milleker. 1993. "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection 1992–1993: Ancient World." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 51(2): pp. 12–13.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1993. "One Hundred Twenty-third Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1992 through June 30, 1993." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 123: p. 29.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 171, pp. 152, 437, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.