The word "oinochoe" means "wine pourer", and the shape was a very common one throughout the Greek world. During the Archaic period, the oinochoe and the hydria (water jar) were often embellished with figural elements integrated into the handles. Here, the head of a woman appears at the top of the handle, a panther head and palmette at the bottom. This work is distinguished not only by its fine state of preservation but also by its exceptional vigor and simplicity.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1997. "One Hundred Twenty-seventh Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1996 through June 30, 1997." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 127: p. 18.
Picón, Carlos A., Joan R. Mertens, and Elizabeth J. Milleker. 1998. "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection 1997–1998: Ancient World." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 56(2): pp. 6–7.
Mertens, Joan R. 2000. "An Archaic Bronze Oinochoe with a Panther Head in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Agathos daimōn : mythes et cultes : études d'iconographie en l'honneur de Lilly Kahil, Bulletin de correspondance hellénique. Supplément 38, 38. pp. 377–81, figs. 1, 2, Athens: Ecole française d'Athènes.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome. no. 62, pp. 65, 418, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.