Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Shaffron (Horse's Head Defense)

Date:
late 15th–early 17th century
Culture:
Tibetan or Mongolian
Medium:
Iron, leather, gold, silver, brass or copper alloy, textile
Dimensions:
H. 22 1/2 in. (57.2 cm); W. 24 7/8 in. (63.2 cm); Wt. 8 lb. 6.7 oz. (3818.7 g)
Classification:
Equestrian Equipment-Shaffrons
Credit Line:
Purchase, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Gift, 2004
Accession Number:
2004.402
Not on view
Tibetan shaffrons are relatively rare, the majority of surviving examples having been acquired by museums in the early twentieth century. This shaffron is by far the most elaborately decorated of any recorded up to this point. The quality and execution of its lavish gold and silver damascening rank among the best examples of Tibetan decorated ironwork of this kind, suggesting that it was made for a very high ranking general, if not a king. A carbon-14 test of one of its leather laces resulted in a date range of 1450-1650, coinciding almost exactly with the period of the last two secular Tibetan monarchies: the Rinpung (1435-1565) and the Kings of Tsang (1566-1641).
[Art dealer, London, until 2002; sold to MMA].
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Warriors of the Himalayas: Rediscovering the Arms and Armor of Tibet," April 5–July 4, 2006, no. 27.

La Rocca, Donald J. Warriors of the Himalayas: Rediscovering the Arms and Armor of Tibet. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006. pp. 8, 83, 96, 100–101, 140, frontispiece, no. 27, ill.

La Rocca, Donald J. "Tibetan Warriors: The Challenges of Presenting the Warlike Side of a Peaceful Culture." In The Universal Heritage of Arms and Military History: Challenges and Choices in a Changing World, ICOMAM Conference, Vienna 2007. Vienna: Heeresgeschichtliches Museum, 2008. p. 46, fig. 10 left and right.

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