Jérusalem, croix en argent ciselé, donnée par Louis XIII à l'Eglise du Saint Sépulcre
Auguste Salzmann (French, 1824–1872)
Imprimerie photographique de Blanquart-Évrard, à Lille (French, active 1851–55)
Salted paper prints from paper negative
Image: 34.8 x 23.5 cm (13 11/16 x 9 1/4 in.) Mount: 60.2 x 44.6 cm (23 11/16 x 17 9/16 in.)
Gilman Collection, Gift of The Howard Gilman Foundation, 2005
Not on view
Salzmann revered this processional cross of engraved silver, which the king of France, Louis XIII, gifted to the church treasury in 1625. Placed against a velvety backdrop with a royal seal at top right, the cross is framed by contrasting stripes. Salzmann was eager for viewers to grasp the cross’s detailed workmanship: "The photographic reproduction of this remarkable piece of metalwork, though it was executed in unfavorable light conditions . . . is, however, better than the most minute description." As a capstone to the Holy Sepulchre series, the photograph conveys a sense that the site is rich with a history of French piety.
Inscription: Inscribed in negative then gone over in pencil, recto BL: "S. 3."; inscribed in pencil on print, recto BL: "D."; printed on mount, recto BC: "Aug. Salzmann // JÉRUSALEM // CROIX EN ARGENT CISELÉ // donnée par Louis XIII à l'Eglise du Saint Sépulcre // Gide et J. Baudry, éditeurs. // Imp. Photogr. de Blanquart - Evrard, à Lille."; inscribed in pencil on mount, recto TR: "[scribble mark resembling an &, script S, or G clef] // 105"; inscribed in pencil on mount, recto BR: "D."
André Jammes Collection; [Graphics International, Ltd.]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, October 7, 1978
American Bible Society, New York. "The Jerusalem Project: The Dome Restoration in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre," June 6, 1998–July 6, 1998.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Faith and Photography: Auguste Salzmann in the Holy Land," September 12, 2016–February 5, 2017.
Perez, Nissan. "An Artist in Jerusalem: Auguste Salzmann." The Israel Museum Journal 1 (Spring 1982). pp. 19–50.
In 1854, Auguste Salzmann created approximately two hundred paper negatives during a four-month sojourn in Jerusalem. He recorded sixty-eight sites and categorized them, with some exceptions, by monotheistic religion—Judaism, Christianity, or Islam. Many of the resulting salted paper prints were circulated privately soon after his return to Paris. In 1856, the album, Jerusalem: A Study and Photographic Reproduction of the Holy City, was first advertised as a commercial endeavor for a wider public. Photographic plates were distributed three at a time over fifty-eight installments from September 1856 through 1859. All of Salzmann’s Jerusalem photographs were printed by the preeminent Blanquart-Évrard firm of Lille, France, while their distribution was managed by Gide et Baudry of Paris. Each album was meant to include two volumes of photographic plates accompanied by an archaeological treatise authored by Salzmann. The album in The Met collection is complete with 174 unbound photographic plates.