William O. Oldman, London; [John J. Klejman, New York, until 1961]; The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1961–1978
Stolpe, Hjalmar. Collected Essays in Ornamental Art: On Evolution in the Ornamental Art of Savage Peoples: Studies in American Ornamentation. Stockholm: Aftonbladets Tryckeri, 1927, p. 27, 36, 38.
Steven, Phelps. Art and Artifacts of the Pacific, Africa, and the Americas: The James Hooper Collection. London: Hutchinson & Co., 1976, p. 145.
Kjellgren, Eric. Oceania: Art of the Pacific Islands in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007, 182, 303-4.
Richards, Rhys. "Austral Island 'Paddles,' their Main Motifs and a Global Search for Their Prototype." In The Austral Islands: History, Art, and Art History. Porirua: Paremata Press, 2012, p. 2-4, 6, 9-16.
Kjellgren, Eric. How to Read Oceanic Art. How to Read 3. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014, pp. 154–57.