man's armor, ca. 1570 and later; horse armor, ca. 1580–90 and later
Milan and Brescia
Italian, Milan and Brescia
Steel, leather, copper alloy, textile
as mounted, H. of horse armor 75 1/2 in. (191.8 cm); L. of horse armor 90 in. (228.6 cm); W. of horse armor 30 in. (76.2 cm); Wt. of horse armor including saddle 93 lb. 1 oz. (42.2 kg); Wt. of man's armor approx. 37 lb. (16.78 kg)
Armor for Horse and Man
man's armor: Gift of William H. Riggs, 1913; horse armor, bit, rear plate of saddle: Fletcher Fund, 1921; part of a greave: Rogers Fund, 1984
The horse armor is covered with etched ornament that includes undulating foliage, mythological creatures, winged putti, and heroes from Biblical and Classical history, such as David and Goliath and Marcus Curtius. The exuberant sketchlike quality of the etching and the preference for overall decoration suggest an origin in Brescia, the second most important armor-producing center in northern Italy after Milan. Brescia was the principal supplier of arms to the Venetian Republic. Like the adjacent Italian horse armor, this example comes from the armory of the counts Collalto at the castle of San Salvatore, near Treviso. It is one of the few complete horse armors to survive from the late sixteenth century, when heavily armored cavalry played a diminishing role in warfare. It was probably made for Count Antonio IV Collalto (1548–1620), possibly in 1589, when he was appointed commander of the Venentian army.
The man's armor is a composite of old and new pieces. Genuine elements from an Italian garniture of about 1570 are combined with restored pieces that were made as substitutions for the missing original parts.
Ex. coll.: Armor: Leon Y. Escosura; [Louis Marcy, Paris]; William H. Riggs, Paris; horse armor, bit, rear plate of saddle: Castle of the Counts of Collalto in Treviso, Italy; S. Wendlinger, Austria; part of a greave: Eric Vaule.man's armor (14.25.709a–p): William H. Riggs, Paris (until 1913; his gift to MMA).
Hartford. Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art. "Long-Term Loan of European Arms and Armor," 1947–1977 No catalogue.
Only 14.25.709a-p loaned.
Dean, Bashford. "Two Horse Panoplies in the Armor Galleries." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 17, no. 9 (September 1922). pp. 190–93, figs. 1, 2 (21.139.1a–x, .8, .12).
Dean, Bashford, and Robert T. Nichol. Handbook of Arms and Armor, European and Oriental, edited by Stephen V. Grancsay. 4th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 1930. pp. 198–200, figs. 126–27 (21.139.1a–x, .8, .12).
Passolunghi, Pier Angelo. Archivio per Susegana. Susegana [Italy]: Amministrazione comunale, Biblioteca comunale, 1985. (the Castle of S. Salvatore and the Counts of Collalto discussed).
Passolunghi, Pier Angelo. Catalogo per Susegana. Susegana [Italy]: Amministrazione comunale, Biblioteca comunale, 1989. pp. 264–67, pl. 85 (21.139.1a–x).
Passolunghi, Pier Angelo. La Barriera Fatta nel Castello di S. Salvatore: Descritta per Giovanni dalla Torre nell'Anno 1599. Susegana [Italy]: Amministrazione comunale, Biblioteca comunale, 1991. p. XIV (21.139.1a–x?).
Di Collalto, Orlando. "Schegge Sparse." In I Collalto: Conti Di Treviso, Patrizi Veneti, Principi Dell'impero: 958–1998: Atti Del Convegno 23 Maggio 1998, Castello Di San Salvatore, Susegana. Vittorio Veneto [Italy]: Grafiche De Bastiani, 1998. pp. 86–90 (21.139.1a–x, .12).
Pyhrr, Stuart W., Donald J. La Rocca, and Dirk H. Breiding. The Armored Horse in Europe, 1480–1620. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. p. 27, figs. 25, 26, ill. (21.139.1a–x, .12).
Fallows, Noel. Jousting in Medieval and Renaissance Iberia. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2010. pp. 243, 245, figs. 146, 147 (21.139.1a–x).
Pyhrr, Stuart W. "Of Arms and Men: Arms and Armor at the Metropolitan, 1912–2012." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 70, no. 1 (Summer 2012). p. 5, 22, ill.