Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, London 1775–1851 London)
June 1, 1811
Etching, aquatint and mezzotint; first state of six (Finberg)
plate: 7 x 10 3/8 in. (17.8 x 26.4 cm) sheet: 8 1/2 x 11 1/2 in. (21.6 x 29.2 cm)
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1928
Not on view
Turner distilled his ideas about landscape In "Liber Studiorum" (Latin for "Book of Studies"), a series of seventy prints plus a frontispiece published between 1807 and 1819. To establish the compositions, he made brown watercolor drawings, then etched outlines onto copper plates. In a few instances, as here, Turner also developed the tone, using aquatint and mezzotint to describe a Scottish loch bordered by mountains with the foreground enlivened by boats and fishermen near a pier, a floating buoy, and the fluke of a submerged anchor piercing the water. Despite the engraved title, the image does not represent Loch Fyne, but the smaller adjacent Loch Shira, and the "M" in the upper margin indicates Turner's category of Marine landscape.
Signature: in plate: "Drawn Etched & Engraved by I. M. W. Turner R.A."
Inscription: in plate, above image: "M"; below: "Published June 1. 1811, by I.M.W. Turner Queen Ann Street West"
Vendor: P. & D. Colnaghi & Co.
Finberg 35 ii/vi; Rawlinson 35 betw. i & ii/iv
William George Rawlinson Turner's Liber Studiorum: A Description and A Catalogue. Macmillan & Co., 2nd ed. London, 1906, cat. no. 35 between i and ii/iv, pp. 85-8.
Alexander Joseph Finberg The History of Turner's Liber Studiorum, with a new catalogue raisonné. Ernest Benn Limited, London, 1924, cat. no. 35 i/vi, pp. 138-40.
John Gage Colour in Turner: Poetry and Truth. 1969, p. 43.
Eric Shanes "The True Subject of a Major Late Painting by J. M. W. Turner Identified" Burlington Magazine. vol. 126, 1984, pp. 284-8.
Gillian Forrester Turner's 'Drawing Book': The Liber Studiorum, exh. cat., London, Tate Gallery, 20 February–2 June. London, 1996, illustrates: second published state, 1811, and oil painting, ca. 1845 (Yale Center for British Art), cat. no. 35, pp. 94-5.