Image: 14 × 41 1/8 in. (35.6 × 104.4 cm) Overall with mounting: 14 3/4 in. × 28 ft. 1/8 in. (37.5 × 853.8 cm)
Gift of John M. Crawford Jr., in honor of Douglas Dillon, 1981
Not on view
Guo Xi, the preeminent landscape painter of the late eleventh century, sought to give form to poetic images and emotions and was particularly interested in conveying the nuances of seasons and times of day. Old Trees, Level Distance,a variation on the classic “level-distance” formula of tall foreground trees set against a wide river valley, is probably a late work done for a fellow government official on the eve of his retirement. In the final section of the handscroll, the leafless trees and deepening mist impart a forlorn, autumnal air to a scene in which two elderly figures approach a pavilion, perhaps to join colleagues in bidding farewell to a friend.
Layered mists and dense fog obscure storied pavilions; Many sandy islets overlook the desolate expanse. The old tree's spirit will last a thousand years; The moist washes and the manner [of the trees] are as enduring as metal and rock. Amid the duckweed of misty islands, skiffs moor for the night, And still along the cold river bamboo grows. Of the honorable Guo [Xi]’s [paintings of] level vistas, few remain. How treasured the master-painter's works should be! Haisu [Feng Zizhen] [Seals]: Zizhen, Haisu, Guai guai daoren
3. Yu Ji 虞集 (1272–1348), 3 columns in standard script, undated:
白石漱水彌潔，青松遞雲轉高。 為問郭公畫裏，何如施氏東皋。 虞集題。
4. Ke Jiusi柯九思 (1290–1343), 3 columns in semi-cursive script, undated:
郭熙筆法出營丘，古木空亭老更幽。 記得溪橋曾訪隱，斜陽澹澹遠山秋。 柯九思賦。
5. Liu Guan柳貫 (1270–1342), 3 columns in standard script, undated; 1 seal:
郭熙工畫洛南山，品在荊關伯仲間。 鼇背小亭能著我，倚闌時送鶴飛還。 柳貫 [印]: 柳氏道傳
6. Yan Yaohuan 顏堯煥 (14th c.), 12 columns in semi-cursive script, undated; 3 seals:
Su Shi [1037–1101] once wrote the poem:
In Jade Hall, dawn is shaded even on an idle spring day, within there is Guo Xi's painting of spring mountains.
Now Wen Yanbo, the Duke of Lu, had written a colophon on a painting by Guo Xi, and then Old Su Shi had composed a poem after this colophon. These two gentlemen were brilliant and famous officials of their time, but to be able to see such inscriptions nowadays-it is no longer possible! More than one painting by Guo Xi exists, however: take time to examine this Autumn Trees in a Level Distance [as he called Old Trees, Level Distance]. Its materials are from between the Baoyuan [1038–39] and the Yuanyou [1086-93] eras, now returned to the Route Commander Old Shi Donggao's writing table after three hundred years. Old Dong has obtained that which is rarely obtained; this painting has also encountered that which is rarely encountered; I too am able to see that which is rarely seen. For this reason I write him this poem in remembrance:
The fascination of Guo Xi's painting lies not in its colors, white rocks, withered rafts pillowed by the currents. This level distance contains sentiments in its illusory lands, its inscriptions enhance our distance from the past. On a single layer of white silk, clouds astir and flowing, for three hundred years and more, the stars have made several revolutions. Holding [the scroll] with Donggao, we often spread it out in appreciation, together with our lutes and books, we happily roam. Yan Yaohuan [Seals]: Yan Yaohuan zhang, Mingke, Jingxue
Zhang Daqian 張大千(1899–1983) Zhang Yuan siyin 張爰私印 Dafeng Tang yin 大風堂印 Cang zhi Daqian 藏之大千 Qiu tu bao gurou qing 球圖寶骨肉情 Bufu guren gao houren 不復古人告後人 Zhang Yuan 張爰 Daqian Jushi 大千居士 Bieshi rongyi 別時容易 Diguo zhi fu 敵國之富 Shuke 蜀客 Dafeng Tang gongyang 大風堂供養 Nan bei dong xi zhi ren 南北東西之人 Jichou yihou suode 己丑以後所得 Nan bei dong xi zhiyou xiangsui wu bieli 南北東西只有相隨無別離
Xu Wenbo 徐雯波 (born 1931) Zhang Xu Wenbo 張徐雯波 Hongpin 鴻嬪 Hongpin Tang ji (twice) 鴻嬪堂記 Xu shi xiaoyin 徐氏小印
Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 (John M. Crawford, Jr., 1913–1988) Hanguang Ge zhu Gu Luofu jiancang Zhongguo gudai shuhua zhi zhang 漢光閣主顧洛阜鑒藏中國古代書畫之章 Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 Hanguang Ge 漢光閣
Unidentified Zhuo zhi ? 棁之囗 Zhenwan 珍玩 Fajiang 法匠 Xianyi tushu zhi yin 賢頤圖書之印 Gu shi ? ge zhencang 顧氏囗閣珍藏
 Translation from Shen Fu, Traces of the brush: studies in Chinese calligraphy, New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1977, no. 19, p. 254. Slightly modified.
Translation from Ping Foong, “Guo Xi's Intimate Landscapes and the Case of Old Trees, Level Distance.” Metropolitan Museum Journal vol. 35 (2000), pp. 87–112, at p. 100.
Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-chien) (by 1954); John M. Crawford Jr. , New York (by 1960–1981; donated to MMA)
Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art. "Landscape Painting in the East and West," April 17, 1986–June 1, 1986.
Kobe City Museum. "Landscape Painting in the East and West," June 7, 1986–July 13, 1986.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The New Chinese Galleries: An Inaugural Installation," 1997.
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New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Art of the Brush: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy," March 12, 2005–August 14, 2005.
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New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Gardens: Pavilions, Studios, Retreats," August 18, 2012–January 6, 2013.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Chinese Painting from the Metropolitan Collection II," May 7, 2016–October 11, 2016.