Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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南宋 佚名 別苑春山圖 卷
Retreats in the Spring Hills

Artist:
Unidentified Artist
Period:
Song dynasty (960–1279)
Date:
first half of the 12th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink and color on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 10 5/16 in. × 9 ft. 4 13/16 in. (26.2 × 286.5 cm) Overall with mounting: 10 1/2 in. × 26 ft. 9 5/8 in. (26.7 × 816.9 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
1989.363.8
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 210
Retreats in the Spring Hills is datable stylistically to the early twelfth century, when artists began to experiment with archaic styles, including the "blue-and-green" landscape manner first made popular in the seventh century. In the twelfth-century revival, the flat blue-and-green color scheme was used to evoke feelings of an antique Golden Age. Artists adopted this style to create dreamlike visions of idyllic mountain retreats or Daoist paradises, in contrast to the naturalistic, predominantly monochromatic landscape depictions of the tenth and eleventh centuries.
Inscription: No artist’s inscription, signature, or seal


Colophons

1. Zhao Yan 趙巖 (early 14th c.), 7 columns in semi-cursive script, undated; 1 seal:

未央曾闕天家春,碧闌瑤砌無纖塵。
濃雲曉染宮樹綠,雙蛾暗為流鶯顰。
長楊有賦無人買,畫裏猶能見容采。
御溝流雨碧溶香,燕子歸來春已改。

趙巖 [印]:趙巖

2. Wu Ting 吳廷 (early 17th c.), 1 column in standard script, undated; t seals:

餘清齋藏,定值佰貳拾金。 [印]:吳廷私印、江邨


Collectors' seals

Zhu Gang 朱棡 (Prince of Jin, 1358–1398)
晉府圖書之印

Wu Ting 吳廷 (early 17th c.)
吳廷私印

Liang Qingbiao 梁清標 (1620–1691)
棠村審定
蕉林

Qing Emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795)
石渠寶笈
乾隆御覽之寳
御書房鋻藏寳

Qing Emperor Jiaqing 清帝嘉慶 (r. 1796–1820)
嘉慶御覽之寳

Qing Emperor Puyi 清帝溥儀 (r. 1909–1912)
宣統鑑賞
無逸齋精鑑璽
宣統御覽之寳
John M. Crawford Jr. , New York (until d. 1988; bequeathed to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The World of Scholars' Rocks: Gardens, Studios, and Paintings," February 1, 2000–August 20, 2000.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Art of the Brush: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy," March 12, 2005–August 14, 2005.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Secular and Sacred: Scholars, Deities, and Immortals in Chinese Art," September 10, 2005–January 8, 2006.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Landscapes Clear and Radiant: The Art of Wang Hui (1632–1717)," September 9, 2008–January 4, 2009.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Streams and Mountains without End: Landscape Traditions of China," August 26, 2017–January 6, 2019.

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