Symbolic of teaching, the wheel is a standard motif in Buddhist art. The Chinese inscription on the top of this seal gives the date and indicates that it was commissioned for a Tibetan monk, whose name can be transliterated as Yangshidangpu. The seal on the bottom reads jing xie jie lu, or study the law (Buddhism) with diligence.
Inscription: Dated by inscription to the 22nd year of the Yongle reign (1424). The seal reads:
"Jing xiu jie lu" (assiduously study the laws for forbearance).
[ Plum Blossoms (International) Ltd. , Hong Kong, 1994; sold to MMA]
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Defining Yongle, Imperial Art in Early Fifteenth-Century China," April 1, 2005–July 10, 2005.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Extravagant Display: Chinese Art in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries," December 14, 2010–May 1, 2011.