This bowl belongs to a group known as Garrus ware, named after a district southwest of the Caspian Sea, where examples were reportedly found. They epitomize two of the most typical Garrus ware designs: vegetal motifs within interlaced frameworks, and animals in heraldic poses. The designs are carved through the creamy slip coating the body, exposing the reddish earthenware, to which darkening agents are applied. Finally the whole piece is covered with the transparent glaze.
Alphonse Kann, Paris (by 1920–27; his sale, American Art Association,New York, January 6–8, 1927, lot 188, to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Transformed: Medieval Syrian and Iranian Art in the Early 20th cent.," February 10, 2016–July 17, 2016, no catalogue.
Pezard, Maurice. La Ceramique Archaique de l'Islam et ses Origines. Paris, 1920. ill. pl. 54.
"Sale Catalogue: New York, January 6-8, 1927." In Alphonse Kann Collection. New York, January 6–8, 1927. no. 188.
Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Mohammedan Decorative Arts. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1930. p. 125.
Aga-Oglu, Mehmet. "February 24 to March 22, 1937." In Exhibition of Islamic art: M.H. De Young Memorial Museum. San Francisco, February 24–March 22, 1937. no. 117, p. 41, Bowl belonging to the Art Institute of Chicago, called Persian 10th-11th century; same material and technique, same design with more elaborate details, ivory glaze with green splashes.
"Catalogue of the Collection of Persian Ceramics & Islamic Glass, Egyptian, Greek and Roman Antiquities, Choice Medieval & Renaissance Works of Art, Etc.." In Sotheby & Co. (London) : The Eumorfopoulos Collections. London: Sotheby's, London, 5-6 June 1940. no. 5, pp. 4-5, ill. p. 5, Related reference: similar design.
Lukens, Marie G. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide to the Collections: Islamic Art. vol. 9. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1965. p. 11, ill. fig. 18.